Harnessing enforcement leverage at the border to minimize biological risk from international live species trade. Springborn, M.R, Lindsay, A.R. Epanchin-Niell, R. 2016. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 132(B), 98-112.
Reducing Non-native Species Introductions with Risk-based Inspection of International Trade. Lindsay, A.R., Springborn, M.R., Epanchin-Niell, R. October 5, 2016. ARE Update.
Sustainable development policies amid market imperfections: Local economic and environmental impacts of blue growth policies in rural Indonesia
Abstract: Coastal and island nations around the world are pursing ‘blue growth’ policies to achieve sustainable development objectives through the management of marine and coastal resources. These policies are often implemented in rural areas where the effectiveness can be hindered by missing markets for inputs and outputs. Furthermore, governments often implement marine-based sustainable development policies without addressing the underlying cause of overharvest and ecosystem degradation: absent or weakly enforced property rights. We study the local economic and environmental impacts of sustainable development policies in Indonesia using a hybrid bioeconomic local general equilibrium model, parameterized with unique household survey data. We use the structural model to predict the local impacts of three marine policies, as well as an alternative sustainable development policy investing in agriculture: a fishing vessel provision, enforcement of vessel regulations, investment in trade infrastructure, and an agricultural capital provision. We evaluate these policies individually and in combination. Simulation results find that most of the policies are unable to achieve all three of the Blue Economy objectives: bolstering marine-based revenue generating activities, alleviating poverty, and protecting protect important ocean ecosystems. Policies that include a fishing vessel provision will increase local production of offshore fish, increase the incomes of the households receiving the fishing capital, but most will fail to conserve biomass of nearshore fish. Only when the vessel provisioning policy is accompanied by enforcement of vessel regulations and an agriculture stimulus are all three Blue Economy objectives achieved. Policies that include an investment in offshore fish trade infrastructure will increase local production of offshore fish, and increase the incomes of fishing households, but will be unable to protect nearshore fish stock. The findings of this analysis provide insight as to the potential impacts of sustainable development policies targeting fisheries in tropical countries with incomplete property rights.